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Eye Disease Management

Eye Disease Management From Our Holmdel Optometrist

The eye is a complex organism, second only to the brain, with two million working parts. Half of our brain is concerned with eye mechanics, vision, and seeing. During your lifetime, your eyes will capture more than 24 million different images. With 85% of our learning dependent on vision, it is important to know some of the more common conditions of the eye and how they can be managed.

Woman getting an eye exam

Common Eye Diseases and Their Treatment

Cataracts - This eye disease is a non-painful clouding of the lens that affects 90% of the over-60 population. Light sensitivity is usually the earliest sign of cataracts, followed by blurry vision. When the cataract has progressed enough to impact your daily activities, surgery is recommended. A few days afterward, you will notice a difference, but full recovery may take 4 to 6 weeks. There is a good success rate with vision often returning to 20/20. 

Glaucoma - When fluid builds up in front of the eye, it sends eye pressure up, causing optic nerve damage. Some of the signs of glaucoma include eye sensitivity, halos, blurry vision, headaches, nausea and vomiting. When discovered early, blindness can be avoided by using eye drops, medications, laser surgery, or a combination of these treatments.

Macular Degeneration -  This the deterioration of the sensitive, central part of the retina. Its function is to record images and send them to the brain, and its deterioration affects our ability to read, drive, identify faces, see colors, and observe detail. Although macular degeneration is irreversible, it can be slowed through diet, exercise, and wearing sunglasses and a hat to block UV rays. 

Diabetic Retinopathy - High blood sugars cause swelling in the retina, causing damage to the blood vessels. It can cause blurry vision, floaters, eye pain, difficulty reading, and inability to distinguish colors. To prevent blindness, treatments may include eye injections, laser treatment, or surgery. 

Dry Eye - This results when there are not enough tears to lubricate our eyes. The tears allow us to blink smoothly, and they clean the eyes of dirt and toxins. You may experience stinging, redness, light sensitivity, mucus production, blurry vision. These symptoms can be managed with eye drops, a humidifier, taking breaks from visual tasks, and wearing protective eye gear. If symptoms persist, see an eye doctor. 

Refractory Errors - (nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, and presbyopia) are the most common of vision problems. The shape of the eye should be spherical, and any misshaping causes the eye to receive light unevenly. These conditions are treated with glasses, contact lenses or surgery. 

Eye Disease Management

As with most diseases, eye disease can be best managed or reversed when detected early. That's why regular eye exams should be an integral part of your medical care. At Marshall EyeCare Physicians in Holmdel, New Jersey, we offer comprehensive eye care to detect, protect, and correct your vision. Give us a call today at 732-837-3332 to make an appointment. 

We are conveniently located at 2128 State Rte 35, Holmdel, NJ 07733


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